Identification of whole blood mRNA and microRNA biomarkers of tissue damage and immune function resulting from amphetamine exposure or heat stroke in adult male rats
Luısa Camacho, Camila S. Silva, Joseph P. Hanig, Robert P. Schleimer, Nysia I. George, John F. Bowyer
A report from the USDA and others evaluate the effect of amphetamine and methamphetamine toxicity on immune systems and tissues using rat models. In particular, hyperthermic effects, due to the drug exposure or environmentally induces were studied. With hyperthermia, an increase in organ related transcripts were indicated and as was possible liver damage. In addition, changes to the immune system suggest modified risk of for HIV and other infections.
The PippinHT was used to isolated small RNA (15-35bp) Illumina libraries prior to sequencing.
Iso-Seq Allows Genome-Independent Transcriptome Profiling of Grape Berry Development
Andrea Minio, Mélanie Massonnet, Rosa Figueroa-Balderas, Amanda M. Vondras, Barbara Blanco-Ulate, and Dario Cantu
Researchers used PacBio’s Iso-Seq method to sequence full-length cDNA transcripts from ripening Cabernet Savignon berries resulting in 1,5000 cultivar-specific genes. The authors discuss using transcriptome profiles for comprehensive referencing as an alternative to costly genome referencing.
The BluePippn was used to size select 1-2 kbp, 2-3 kbp, 3-6 kbp, and 5-10 kbp fractions for cDNA SMRTbell library construction for the Iso-Seq method.
University of California, Davis
G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
Cancer stem cell–associated miRNAs serve as prognostic biomarkers in colorectal cancer
Shusuke Toden, Shigeyasu Kunitoshi, Jacob Cardenas, Jinghua Gu, Elizabeth Hutchins, Kendall Van Keuren-Jensen, Hiroyuki Uetake, Yuji Toiyama, and Ajay Goel
This study evaluates cancer stems cells (CSC) which resist chemotherapy agents and have high tumor initiation capacity. A particular gene variant within these cells, CD44, appears to present a more aggressive phenotype when over expressed. The researchers undertook miRNA profling of the CD44 in a cohort of patients to identify the dysregulated species. They suggest that these miRNAs could be used as prognostic biomarkers or possibly therapeutic targets for patients with colorectal cancer.
For this study, generated several CSC cell lines. ThePippinHT was used to isolate miRNA libraries (148bp).
Baylor Scott & White Research Institute and Charles A. Sammons Cancer Center. Dallas
Baylor Institute for Immunology Research, Dallas
Translational Genomics Research Institute, Phoenix, Arizona
Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo
Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Mie, Japan
Journal of Clinical Investigation Insight
Gestational jet lag predisposes to later-life skeletal and cardiac disease
Inês Chaves, Bram van der Eerden, Ruben Boers, Joachim Boers, Astrid A. Streng, Yanto Ridwan, Marijke Schreuders-Koedam, Marijn Vermeulen, Ingrid van der Pluijm, Jeroen Essers, Joost Gribnau, Irwin K. M. Reiss & Gijsbertus T. J. van der Horst
Researchers subjected pregnant mice several protocols that mimic jet lag and evaluated the effect on the subsequent offspring. Along with reduced bone strength and muscle mass, the authors identified hypermethylation of the miR17-92 micro RNA gene cluster and differential methylation within the circadian clock gene.
Methylation was determined using the MeD-seq protocol (Boers et al. 2018). With MeD-seq, PippinHT was used to isolate 32 bp insert sequencing libraries. MeD-seq uses the restriction enzyme LpnPI which cuts at methylation sites but is blocked by fragments smaller than 32 bp.
University Medical Center Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Enhanced detection of circulating tumor DNA by fragment size analysis
Florent Mouliere et al.
This study from Cancer Research UK and a large team of collaborators is a continuation of work evaluating circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and the significance of sub-167 base pair cell-free DNA as a marker for tumors. Samples from a cohort of 200 patients were tested and show significantly improved detection of ctDNA by size selecting DNA between 90-150 bp, and using the TAm-Seq technique to detect mutations. PippinHT was used for DNA size selection.
Science Translational Medicine